Introduction
Welcome to the wonderful country of Iceland! The capital of Iceland is Reykjavik which is located in the south western part of Iceland. This article features what food is in Iceland, Iceland's government, how Icelanders communicate, and the education in Iceland. Iceland has a great education system and one of the highest life expectancies in the world. Enjoy learning about Iceland!
external image Map-Iceland.jpg
Iceland Flag
Iceland Flag

Material Culture/Daily Life- Food
In Iceland, typical meals are breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Icelanders do not go out for dinner often, except for on special occasions like: New Year’s Day, Easter, First Day of Summer, Labor Day, Ascension Day, White Sunday, White Monday, Sjomannadagurinn(Fisherman’s Day), National Day, Merchant’s Holiday, and Christmas. When they do go to restaurants, the restaurants do charge tax and service charges just like the United States. A very popular food in Iceland is fish including: cod, haddock, salmon, herring, perch, sole, plaice, and halibut. Some other popular foods include: sheep, whale, puffin, and especially coffee which is the only food sold cheap in Iceland. Iceland has very similar foods to the United States, and we eat our meals at about the same times. Here is a popular recipe in Iceland:
Herring Salad:
· 1 salted herring fillet or a 5 ounce jar of herring
· 1 cup diced cold boiled potatoes
· 1 cup diced pickled beets
· ½ cup diced peeled apples
· 1/3 cup diced onion
· 1 teaspoon mustard
· 1 teaspoon sugar
· 1 tablespoon vinegar
· 2/3 cup heavy whipped cream
· Salt and pepper
· Chopped parsley
Soak the herring overnight in cold water, drain, and chop. Mix all ingredients together, blending in the cream last. Season with salt and pepper and decorate with the parsley. The herring salad should be served on dark rye bread as a lunch dish. This recipe makes 4 to 6 servings.


Fish
Fish
Herring Salad
Herring Salad


Government
Iceland’s government is a Constitutional Republic. The current President is Olafur Ragnar Grimsson, who chose Johanna Sigurdardottir as the Prime Minister. Iceland has one of the oldest parliaments in the world. The parliament is called the Althing. There are sixty-three members of the Althings who serve four year terms each. In Iceland, health insurance is compulsory. All medical and hospital services are free. Iceland has one of the highest life expectancies in the world. The women life expectancy is 80.9 years and the men life expectancy is 75.7 years. Iceland has no army, but is apart of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Iceland President and Prime Minister in meeting
Iceland President and Prime Minister in meeting




















Iceland's Parliament Room
Iceland's Parliament Room
















Communication
In Iceland, the people there are referred to as Icelanders. Now, they speak Modern Icelandic, which is very similar to Old Icelandic. In Iceland it is a tradition to use your father’s name as your last name. If you are a girl, you would use your father’s name, and then add dottir (meaning daughter). If you are a boy, you would use your father’s last name, then add son. When talking to someone in Iceland, you would mostly call them by their first name or sometimes by their nickname, even doctors and teachers.
Highway Sign in Iceland
Highway Sign in Iceland

Highway Sign near Reykjavik the capital
Highway Sign near Reykjavik the capital


Education
In Iceland, attendance in school for ages 6 to 17 is mandatory. Because of this rule, Iceland has the highest percentage of children enrolled in school around the world. By the end of elementary school, to graduate, you must be able to know how to swim. After Icelanders graduate from high school, many go on to college. Iceland has 8 universities, The University of Iceland being the largest. Many Icelanders then go on to get advanced degrees after their college years.



Elementary School in Iceland
Elementary School in Iceland
Iceland University
Iceland University


Conclusion
As you have learned, Iceland is a very interesting country. A popular recipe in Iceland is herring salad, which has fish, a popular food there. The President of Iceland is Olafur Ragnar Grimsson and the Prime Minister is Johanna Sigurdardottir. The people in Iceland are called Icelanders and speak Icelandic. Education is mandatory for ages 6-17 and has great schooling. We hope you learned a lot about Iceland and its culture.

Bibliography
Picture of President and Prime Minister-http://www.finfacts.ie/artman/uploads/2/Iceland_government-February_2009_august142009.jpg
Picture of Parliament Room-http://www.digitaljournal.com/img/8/9/9/i/4/3/9/o/IcelandParliament.JPG
Picture of Road Signs-http://farm1.static.flickr.com/80/281578849_a259ba983d_o.jpg
Picture of Herring Salad-http://www.kitchenproject.com/german/recipes/Salat/HerringSalat/39892170_7279be86b7.jpg
Picture of Fish-http://www.icenews.is/wp-content/uploads/2008/09/fish-market.jpg
Picture of Elementary School-http://lh3.ggpht.com/_vWqU3Behexw/Sq-160sMMXI/AAAAAAAAAcA/trMknCmqlio/s720/81Education
Picture of University of Iceland-http://mladiinfo.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/iceland_university.jpg
Map of Iceland-http://en.18dao.net/images/e/e3/Map-Iceland.jpg
Picture of Flag-http://image.shutterstock.com/display_pic_with_logo/496/496,1105236359,3/stock-photo-waving-icelandic-flag-with-flag-pole-93627.jpg